V.V. Kosharniy, A.K. Kahramanyan, L.V. Abdul-Ogly, V.I. Velykorodniy
Modern andrologists diagnose almost permanent pathological changes in seminal vesicles during inflammatory diseases like pelvic organs (prostatitis, cystitis), and the entire urogenital system (pyelonephritis, urethritis, etc.). Thus, seminal vesicles not only lose their function of supporting the life sperm, but also become inflammation, which leads to chronicity of the primary disease and impotence.
There is still no clear anatomical idea of the structural changes in seminal vesicles that occur in them during circulatory disorders of the reproductive system, whereas the clinical manifestations of violations in these organs have long been confirmed in practice. Thus, the study of the myogenesis of seminal vesicles with disorders of the circulatory system of the genitourinary system is relevant.
Materials and methods: Simulation of circulatory disorders. Access - lower median luporotomy. Separated spermatic cord, after which dressed the catheter tube for all the education of the spermatic cord within 0.5-1 cm. And it was delayed by the ligature. After that, the testicle and spermatic cord were immersed in the abdominal cavity. Advantages: Applying a ligature to the catheter allows a more gentle, dosed to bandage the structures of the spermatic cord. Chris was withdrawn from the experiment after 7 and 14 days.
Results and discussion: Macroscopically seminal vesicles without visual pathology.
After the withdrawal from the experiment, the rats were taken from parasites and seminal vesicles. We observed an increase in the weight of seminal vesicles 1.2 times on the side of the bandage in comparison with the other.
On histological sections, seminal vesicles are represented by multiple transverse sections of the tubules, the walls of which are closely adjacent to each other, between them is a small amount of loose connective tissue and vessels. The tulip of tubules is represented by several rows of rounded epithelial cells with a centrally located round nucleus and light pink cytoplasm. Some epitheliocytes are excised in the lumen of the tubules, their cytoplasm is vacuated, the contours of the nuclei are fuzzy. The stratum is moderately edematous, in the vessels, the phenomena of erythrothesis. In places perivascularly, small clusters of lymphocytes and isolated segmentnucleated leukocytes are observed.
Conclusion: With morphometry, an increase in the weight of seminal vesicles was 1.2 times on the side of the dressing compared to the other. At the morphological level, the data obtained indicate the changes that arise in the organs of the reproductive system in the disturbances of blood circulation, in particular, when squeezing the spermatic cord due to the output of the inguinal veins. There was a swelling of the stroma, a stasis of red blood cells, an accumulation of leukocytes, indicating the reactivity of processes arising from circulatory disorders.